The concert photography is a complex photographic activity that would be difficult to summarize in an article, however, we will try here to give you the basics and some tips to make your own way. The most difficult thing here is to manage the light, it will affect the equipment, speed, placement, framing, ... here we will see through the different sections.
Camera: Reflex silver, SLR, compact digital camera.
In the photo together using a digital compact is to discourage the increase in sensitivity (in iso) thereof is not done without damage, their sensor is smaller, the noise will be very present in the photographs .
The reflex that can change optical functions in every situation will allow you to always have the appropriate equipment to suit your subject.
Optical: fixed focus, zoom, wide open!
Pictured together we seek above all the brightest optical potential that is to say those that offer the most wide aperture (characterized by the smallest number on the lens).
Digital must take into account that the sensor size influence on the size of the length: a 50mm 1.8 will thus become an interesting 80mm 1.8
These lenses are also the most expensive, we can separate them into two groups:
Have goals that generally offer the best quality - price ratio, in fact, a 50 mm which has a maximum aperture of 1.8 is around 150 euros. The advantages are: the price, the weight, the generally high opening.
Zooms: "A zoom is a zoom lens: an additional ring to change the focal length of a continuous, changing at the same time the magnification of the image but not the prospect of shooting. The zoom is technically an objective consisting of several lenses, some of which are mobile, which allows to vary the focal length between two extreme values. The numerical ratio between the longest and shortest focal length is called "amplitude" or "power" of the zoom. For example, a 35-105 mm zoom lens is called "3 × zoom." Zoom therefore replaces a series of fixed focal length lenses. Opportunities zooms rapidly increasing, ranges from 28 to 70 mm (wide angle to normal) and 70 to 200 mm being the most common. The f/3.5 maximum aperture rarely exceeds for the first and f/4.5 for the latter. But there are professional versions f/2.8. "Source wikipedia For concert photo zooms that have a constant opening 2.8 are strongly recommended to address the lack of light.
Nikon d70 matrix metering, speed 1/100, 28mm, aperture 2.8 iso: 200
Nikon d70 spot metering, shutter speed 1/80 Focal length 50mm, aperture 1.8 iso: 640
Nikon d70 matrix metering, speed 1/60 90mm focal length, aperture 2.8 iso: 200
Flash: a proscribed
The flash in most concert is banned its use removes all light effects are part of the service. Use in remote or slow sync is potentially feasible as discussed in the section devoted to William Gaessler flash photography and wide angle.
Sensitivity: high sensitivity = silver grain in digital noise =
If you work with film ISO 800 are perfect. There are other more sensitive films (1000, 1600, 3200). The higher you go in isos more photo will be equipped with grain that is beautiful in silver and contributes to the interest of the picture.
If you are in this beautiful digital grain that turns into noise see soup pixel, which is significantly less attractive, so we advise you to stay in values below 600 isos (the noise is treated differently on DSLR, market the Canon 5D is a reflex of the better managing digital noise).
Speed: not below the focal length or even a little more digital
One of the general rules in speed is not to fall below the size of a 50mm focal length so we do not fall below 1/50, to see the digital conversion factor that "transforms" a 50mm 80mm it does not drop below 1/80 to avoid blur from the photographer.
This is of course a general rule, assuming that you're shooting without a tripod lifting, optical or housing stabilized hand. We must separate the blur of the photographer and the blur of the subject.
In order to prevent blurring from camera shake against the housing there are several methods:
Tripod: tripod allows you to stabilize the housing up, but together you travel a lot in your handicap.
The monopod: monopod as its name suggests is a tripod foot .... it does not offer much of the same stability, but allows you more freedom in traveling, it is highly recommended to train to use a monopod before use in such events
Optical and stabilized cases: They can gain some valuable speed and therefore fall isos.
Note that these are the only methods to reduce blur the photographer, you can be perfectly stable artist or group it will not be forever. The blur of the subject may be interesting to give an impression of movement speed.
The metering: Center-weighted, spot and matrix
Nikon d70 spot metering, speed 1/200 focal length 200mm, aperture 2.8 iso: 1400
There are three types of metering: Center-weighted, spot and matrix. Although these determinations are variable depending on the material, the result remains the same.
Measurement matrix light: it allows to measure the light on the whole picture. It is recommended to use it as often as possible and for all types of shooting: landscapes, architecture, close-up portraits.
The center-weighted measure: it focuses about 15% of the image (the center), while spot metering concentrates on less than 8% (always at the center).
These measures are almost mandatory in concert photography, in fact usually the artists are highlighted with respect to the scene itself, working with a spot on the face of the singer measurement device will handle the speed / torque diaphragm so as to expose the face of the singer correctly without considering the background of the scene is photographically is probably not very interesting (cables, ducts, pipes ect ...)
Device mode: aperture priority, shutter priority, manual?
Nikon d70 matrix metering, speed 1/250, focal length 90mm, aperture 2.8 iso: 200
For me only the aperture priority and manual mode with an interest: We put on the full aperture of the lens, its speed is monitored not to fall below the size of the lens (to prevent camera shake) and one frame is started.
Most digital SLR: Most DSLRs have a self isos function which is very convenient for concert photography, in fact if the conditions do not allow to stay in decent speeds at full aperture mode is activated isos and password manually, you set the aperture on the greatest possible openness, speed is selected, we go in and spot metering device itself decides isos depending on light conditions.
RAW or JPEG?
"The RAW format (or rather as RAW formats is a good package) represents the raw data collected by the sensor at the time of the shooting. Sensor is colorblind inbred and receives information brightness usually interpreted using the Bayer matrix, with RGB color filters, it is obvious that raw file requires a sophisticated treatment for a presentable picture And there you have two options..:
Trusting the DSP processor camera that turns the raw file in JPEG or TIFF (rare) format applying the passage all the settings you have previously selected (white balance, saturation, tone curve, color space , sharpness, etc..).
Perfect, you are finally in possession (try to palpate a file, it is difficult) a ready file. Happiness? Yes, if you have your perfectly controlled shooting, the white balance is with onions and set your file with impeccable precision. I never did come close to perfection by shooting JPEG. This is despite the use of traditional techniques (and thermocolorimeter meter) used to overcome my fears facing a new technology.
The use of JPEG involves knowing what you will do for your image. Offset printing, Internet, photo finishing Minilab publication, each use requires very specific parameters of development and you can not know in advance whether such and such a picture will not be used in a different context originally envisaged.
But beyond the constraints on the choice of parameters, you know that the JPEG or TIFF file is a streamlined interpretation amputated your captured file? You took care to cram 4096 shades per channel (12 bit = usual depth of a digital SLR camera) to end up with 256 levels (8 bits = JPEG or TFF produced by your camera file) to arrival? Well, it's stupid not to choose what you throw in the process ... "
Minimize noise shooting: expose right
Work in concert to 100 isos even in exposing much is quite illusory, most concerts are limits in terms of light.
The first reflex to reduce noise and increase the shutter speed would voluntarily underexpose the photo shoot to "meet" then the brightness in photoshop.
Digital "face" the same image at 100 isos, not pixelise, but the rise in noise is impressive, the film development is more flexible for this kind of exercise.
In a digital sensor the bulk of the dynamics is to the right of the curve in the highlights, which is why I recommend (and I'm not the only one) to expose the limits of cramées areas (right) to have the most material located on the right side of the histogram, which then allows to play and contrast while greatly reducing noise.
A sun right picture (that is to say as close as possible burned areas) has 800 isos will produce less noise than underexposed photo has 200 isos found in photoshop.
The different types of concerts by Sebastien Lebacq Accreditation, places, picture examples:
EOS 20d, Canon 17-40 f4 L, 1/400th, spot metering, ISO 3200, -2/3IL Sebastien Lebacq
Major concerts such Johnny, U2, Red Hot are certainly spectacular, but without accreditation, take pictures quickly becomes a job for Tom Cruise, besides cameras are often prohibited the entry.
On the other hand, the very intimate concerts in small venues can be really in the mood, most of the public is less than 5 meters from the artist, but the lighting is often much less good. But in these rooms there, cameras are often welcome, both from the manager of the club that the part of the artist. The latter gladly accept photos (without flash usually), and it is sometimes possible to give him the shots (I did concert mudflow, Belgian rock band ... they were thrilled to receive the pictures, that they immediately posted on their website).
Case EOS 20d Lens: Sigma 70-200 f2, 8 1/60th f2, 8 in Expo 2/3 EV ISO 800, matrix metering Sebastien Lebacq
Example: these pictures were taken in concert known enough for people who are interested in this style of music groups, but in a small concert hall in Verviers (Belgium), the Spirit of 66 (which has a capacity approximately 300 seats).
Pain of Salvation concert at Spirit of 66: Thanks to the case, you can use ISO 800 without too much trouble, as long retreat a little later with the photo software to eliminate much of the noise.
To maintain sufficient speed, in addition to ISO, the grand opening of the lens is a major asset.
The fact underexpose 2/3 EV avoids burn too much of the picture but also to gain shutter speed.
In concert photo, for a picture that stands out a bit, it is also important to calculate the point at which it starts to enter an expression or a particular situation.
The 50mm is an excellent lens for the photo together because it has a very open and an incredible dive, not to mention its cheap price and small footprint.
Here in this photo of the concert Popa Chubby, Spirit of 66 I decided to stay the CDP choosing an aperture f4, and compensating with a higher sensitivity (ISO 1600).
EOS 20d, 50mm f1, 8, matrix metering, ISO 1600, -1 / 3 EV, f4, 1/60th second Sebastien Lebacq
Case EOS 20d Lens: Sigma 70-200 f2, 8 1/125th f2, 8 in Expo 2/3 EV ISO 800, matrix metering Sebastien Lebacq
The concert photo flash by Guillaume Gaessler : Wide angle and slow sync
Canon EOS 300D 18-55 Guillaume Gaessler
Unlike photographers together with whom I could discuss, I work 99% of the time flash.
It comes in against, concert or using the flash is not a problem for the artist or group, I am a follower of music called "saturated" (metal, hardcore ..) rooms in which j ' attend these concerts are usually small bars, clubs, usually quite dark, a small stage.
The Caravan Serail which houses a majority of hardcore concerts in Toulouse, is usually for local groups on average 30 entries, up to 250 for a strange group "best known".
The maximum capacity of this room should not exceed 130 people for a minimum of space between each respectable member of the public, as saying that for "big dates" we soon learn to sardines.
What you should know also this kind of concert is that the general public is "boiling hot" rather young, most are there to sweat in the hardcore, there is a "dance style" that called the KDS (Karate Dancing Style), you can imagine, so be careful enough with their equipment, feet flying over the heads are not uncommon.
Canon EOS 300D 18-55 Guillaume Gaessler
I recently started using a Canon EOS 300D digital SLR, my technique is to shoot in slow sync flash, which allows me to have the artist correctly exposed and fixed (with flash) and have his movements and games light through the long break of the device (between 1s and 1/15s in general).
I'm usually pretty close to the artist (18mm focal length) which I think gives an impression of even greater movement in the photo.
I will buy me a future wide zoom (Sigma 10-20mm) for its sharpness and its focus ring that has nothing to do with the barrel EF-s 18/55 mm (because I do not use not auto focus, light is generally too low and changing too fast for autofocus).